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Miss Nappy Germany 2019 Ms Rose Kamande


The Afro Beauty Festival is one of the richest and informative events organized in Germany by Africans. It consists of workshops, podium discussions, an Afro book fair and the Miss Nappy (hair show). The theme of this year’s event was “Become the best version of yourself”.

Miranda Oben, Yolander James, Thulani Thomose, Nicole Alice Deeg, Eugene Boateng and Alina Hodzode participated in the podium discussion. The message that came out clearly was that Africans should be themselves, be proud of their cultural heritage and patronize goods and services offered by one another. The discussion was moderated by Dr. Stephania Mbianda Papdo.
The workshops were very interesting, with several personalities and interesting topics as follows:

Mother & Child Haircare by Elise Nyemb
10 Steps to a Successful Book (“10 Schritten zum erfolgreichen Buch”)  by Clara Meierdierks
Make-Up Masterclass by Mbenguisha
Hair-Care Workshop by Shirley  
The Bizz of Show Bizz by Eric Adou
Cash Management by Philomena Ngunga
DIY: Customized Accessories by Ediyemade
Be Your Best Version by Nana Adisson
Energy Management by Alina Hodzode 
The Bizz of Show Bizz by Eugene Boateng
2 2Artists
Several artists mounted the stage and treated the audience to beautiful music, poems and Afro dance. Among them was Tsega Tebege, the lady with the golden voice, and the sexy Afro dance performance by Mouhina & Naima was electrifying. The crowd insisted they be allowed to perform again.

Friendly Fire Crew, a multicultural group treated the crowd to some melodic reggae and Afrobeat music. L&R, Wopana and Ornella Mwikasa also performed. 

The motivational speech by Joana Fatondji was powerful, with many people nodding in agreement while she addressed the gathering.

Book Fair
There were also book presentations from the following authors: Clara Meierdierks, Florence Tsague, Mwihaki Watkins and Thulani Tomose.

The Miss Nappy was the highlight of the evening. It had 5 beautiful ladies in contention for the title. Contestant number 1 was 18-year-old Irina Mahosindraja from Oberteringen. Contestant number 2 was Paule Ingrid Kelodjoue, a 21-year-old from Saarbruken. Contestant number 3 was Patricia Dongmo. Contestant number 4 was Luzolo Kiangebeni, 23 years of age from Bergheim. Contestant number 5 was Rose Kamande from Cologne.
frontAll contestants had one thing in common—they were beautiful, intelligent and wore their natural African hair. Their goal is to empower Africans to stay natural and be themselves. Remember a person without an identity is like a tree without roots.

The candidates had to appear four times: the 1st round was introducing themselves, the 2nd round was taking questions from the jury, and the 3rd round was the talent-contest in which the ladies had a choice to either sing or dance. The last round saw the ladies in their glamorous African wear; they were dressed to kill and looked sexy.

The judges on the day were: Yolander James, Desmond John Beddy, Elise Nyemb, Aurelien M. and Rabine D. The following factors were taken into consideration: presentation, eloquence, ability to answer questions, confidence and potential.
650The Winner

Finally, the results were broadcast. The first had 103 points and the second 101 points. It was a really good contest. The first runner-up was the 23-year-old Ms Luzolo Kiangebeni, and the winner of the day was Rose Kamande.

The event took place on Saturday, 20.07.2019 at the Senate Hotel, 3 minutes’ walk from the popular Cologne Cathedral. Moderation was done by Sylvain Djongue und Yinka Kehinke; they were not only good, but they coordinated their activities well.

The event was organized by Dr Stephania Mbianda Papdo and team, and there was enough to eat and drink. The Afro Beauty Festival is a great event based on a unique concept that needs the support of all stakeholders (sponsorship.)

Interestingly, many attendees came from all over Germany with the exception of those from Cologne. This is not encouraging and might force the organizers to move the event to another major city.
God Bless Africa
God Bless Germany
By Desmond John Beddy

Adam Serwer of The Atlantic (c) The Atlantic


If multiracial democracy cannot be defended in America, it will not be defended elsewhere.
The conservative intelligentsia flocked to the Ritz-Carlton in Washington, D.C., this week for the National Conservatism Conference, an opportunity for people who may never have punched a time clock to declare their eternal enmity toward elites and to attempt to offer contemporary conservative nationalism the intellectual framework that has so far proved eliusive.

Yoram Hazony, the Israeli scholar who organized the conference, explicitly rejected white nationalism, barring several well-known adherents from attending, my colleague Emma Green reported. But despite Hazony’s efforts, the insistence that “nationalism” is, at its core, about defending borders, eschewing military interventions, and promoting a shared American identity did not prevent attendees from explicitly declaring that American laws should favor white immigrants.

Some other attendees, such as National Review’s Rich Lowry, took pains to distance themselves from the president’s brand of nationalism. “We have to push back against Donald Trump when he does things to increase that breach between the right and African Americans,” Lowry said. But in the fall of 2017, when Trump attempted to silence black athletes protesting police brutality, Lowry praised his “gut-level political savvy,” writing, “This kind of thing is why he’s president.”

The conference stood solidly within the conservative intellectual tradition, as a retroactive attempt by the right-wing intelligentsia to provide cover for what the great mass of Republican voters actually want. Barry Goldwater did not break the Solid South in 1964 because the once Democratic voters of the Jim Crow states had suddenly become principled small-government libertarians; voters who backed Donald Trump in 2016 did not do so because they believed a nonracial civic nationalism had been eroded by liberal cosmopolitanism.

The consensus that American civic nationalism recognizes all citizens regardless of race, creed, color, or religion was already fragile before Trump took office. That principle has been lauded, with varying degrees of sincerity, by presidents from both parties, and in particular by the first black president, who reveled in reminding audiences that “in no other country in the world is my story even possible.” The nationalism that conservatives say they wish to build in fact already existed, but it was championed by a president whose persona was so deformed by right-wing caricature that they could not perceive it. Instead, they embraced the nationalism that emerged as a backlash to his very existence and all it represented. Trump’s nationalist innovation is not taking pride in his country, supporting a principled non-interventionism, or even advocating strict enforcement of immigration laws. The only thing new Trump brings to the American nationalism of recent decades is a restoration of its old ethnic-chauvinist tradition. Conservative intellectuals cannot rescue nationalism from Trump, any more than they could rescue Goldwater from Jim Crow, because Trump’s explicit appeals to racial and religious traditionalism, and his authoritarian approach to enforcing those hierarchies, are the things that have bound conservative voters so closely to him. The failure of the conservative intelligentsia to recognize this is why it was caught so off-guard by Trump’s rise to begin with.

At a rally last night in North Carolina, Trump was reminding the country of this truth. Last week, the president told four Democratic congresswomen—Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Ayanna Pressley, Rashida Tlaib, and Ilhan Omar—to “go back” to their countries, even though all of them are American citizens. This is literally textbook racism. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission offers “Go back to where you came from” as its example of potentially unlawful harassment on the basis of national origin.

Trump’s demand is less a factual assertion than a moral one, an affirmation of the president’s belief that American citizenship is conditional for people of color, who should be grateful we are even allowed to be here. Some elected Republicans offered gentle rebukes; others defended the president’s remarks. But at his rally in North Carolina, Trump showed them all that the base is with him. The crowd erupted into chants of “Send her back” when the president mentioned Omar, the Minnesota representative who came to the United States as a refugee from Somalia.

Republicans, in the week since Trump’s initial tweet attacking the four representatives, have tried to argue that the president was criticizing their left-wing views and “hatred for America,” or that the attacks on Omar were justified because of her past remarks about Israel. This is belied by the nature of the attack itself—not only did Trump say “countries” in his tweet telling the representatives to “go back,” but much of the bill of particulars against Omar that his supporters use to justify calling for her banishment also applies to the president, long a hyperbolic critic of the American political establishment.

Some of Omar’s remarks in the past (for which she has apologized) have echoed anti-Semitic language about Jewish conspiracies and dual loyalty, but the president has described Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu as “your prime minister” to American Jewish audiences, and is a proponent of the anti-Semitic conspiracy theories around immigration that terrorists have used to justify killing American Jews. No apology from the president on these matters is forthcoming, and the right will not demand one. The ancient anti-Semitic charge of dual loyalty does not somehow become more justifiable when applied to Muslims. As James Kirchick wrote for The Atlantic, “Trump’s invocation of Israel to attack four ethnic-minority women is breathtakingly cynical, effectively working to pit Jews and people of color against each other.” Trump has falsely accused Omar of supporting al-Qaeda, of betraying her country. But when a foreign power attacked American elections, it was the president who first sought to profit from that attack, and then to obstruct the investigation into it, and finally to offer a vocal defense of the perpetrators.

The argument that Omar’s criticisms of her adopted country for failing to live up to its stated ideals justify revoking her citizenship substantiates the very criticism she lodged. Trump has said, “If you hate our country, or if you are not happy here, you can leave!” but his entire 2016 campaign was premised on the idea that many Americans not only are deeply unhappy, but also have every right to demand that things be better. That Trump’s supporters believe Omar’s sins justify her banishment, and Trump’s similar transgressions justify his presence in the White House, helps illustrate exactly what is going on here. Under Trumpism, no defense of the volk is a betrayal, even if it undermines the republic, and no attack on the volk’s hegemony can be legitimate, even if it is a defense of democracy.

Faced with the president’s baldly expressed bigotry toward four women of color in Congress, Republicans turned to reporters to argue that his attacks are part of a clever political strategy, elevating four left-wing women of color into the faces of his opposition. I suspect these Republicans, and some political reporters, believe that this somehow exonerates Trump from the charge of bigotry, as though prejudice ceases to be prejudice if it becomes instrumental. In fact, the admission that fomenting racism and division is central to Trump’s strategy is a stunning rebuke to those political reporters and pundits who, for four years, have insisted that the rise of Trump is about anything else. Trump and his most ardent liberal critics are in full agreement about the nature of his appeal, even as they differ on its morality. Only the Trumpists, and those who wish to earn their respect, fail to see it.

It also speaks to the futility of trying to somehow rescue a Trumpian nationalism from Trump. Racism is at the core of Trumpism. The movement cannot be rescued from its bigotry, and those at the National Conservatism Conference who believe it can are in denial. Conservatives can make their case for limited government, or for religious traditionalism, but as long as it is tied to Trump or Trumpism, it will be tainted. Trump is not a champion of the civic nationalism Hazony and others claim they want to see. He is a mortal threat to it.

I often open my articles on Trumpism with explorations of American history. I’ve spent much of the past four years trying to illuminate the historical and ideological antecedents to Donald Trump, to show how America got to this point.

So I want to be very clear about what the country saw last night, as an American president incited a chant of “Send her back!” aimed at a Somali-born member of Congress: America has not been here before.

White nationalism was a formal or informal governing doctrine of the United States until 1965, or for most of its existence as a country. Racist demagogues, from Andrew Johnson to Woodrow Wilson, have occupied the White House. Trump has predecessors, such as Calvin Coolidge, who imposed racist immigration restrictions designed to preserve a white demographic majority. Prior presidents, such as Richard Nixon, have exploited racial division for political gain. But we have never seen an American president make a U.S. representative, a refugee, an American citizen, a woman of color, and a religious minority an object of hate for the political masses, in a deliberate attempt to turn the country against his fellow Americans who share any of those traits. Trump is assailing the moral foundations of the multiracial democracy Americans have struggled to bring into existence since 1965, and unless Trumpism is defeated, that fragile project will fail.

Nevertheless, most of Trump’s predecessors had something he does not yet have: the support of a majority of the electorate. Ilhan Omar’s prominence as a Republican target comes not, as conservatives might argue, simply because her policy views are left-wing. Neither is it because, as some liberals have supposed, she is an unmatched political talent. She has emerged as an Emmanuel Goldstein for the Trumpist right because as a black woman, a Muslim, an immigrant, and a progressive member of Congress, she represents in vivid terms a threat to the nation Trumpists fear they are losing.

To attack Omar is to attack a symbol of the demographic change that is eroding white cultural and political hegemony, the defense of which is Trumpism’s only sincere political purpose. Many of the president’s most outrageous comments have been delivered extemporaneously, when he departs from his prepared remarks. Last night, though, his attacks on Omar were carefully scripted, written out by his staff and then read off a teleprompter. To defend the remarks as politically shrewd is to confess that the president is deliberately campaigning on the claim that only white people can truly, irrevocably be American.

Still, a plurality of Americans in 2016 and 2018 voted against defining American citizenship in racial terms, something that has perhaps never happened before in the history of the United States. There was no anti-racist majority at the dawn of Reconstruction, during the heyday of immigration restriction, or in the twilight of the civil-rights movement. The voters of this coalition may yet defeat Trumpism, if they can find leaders who are willing and able to confront it. That is not a given. In the face of a corrupt authoritarian president who believes that he and his allies are above the law, the American people are represented by two parties equally incapable of discharging their constitutional responsibilities. The Republican Party is incapable of fulfilling its constitutional responsibilities because it has become a cult of personality whose members cannot deviate from their sycophantic devotion to the president, lest they be ejected from office by Trump’s fanatically loyal base. The Democratic Party cannot fulfill its constitutional responsibilities because its leadership lives in abject terror of being ejected from office by alienating the voters to whom Trump’s nationalism appeals. In effect, the majority of the American electorate, which voted against Trump in 2016 and then gave the Democrats a House majority in 2018, has no representation.

The electoral coalition that gave Democrats the House represents perhaps the strongest resistance to the rising tide of right-wing ethnonationalism in the West, yet observe what the party has done with that mandate. The great victory of the House Democrats has been to halt the Republican legislative effort to deprive millions of health-care coverage, a feat they accomplished simply by being elected. But over the past seven months, Democrats have proved unable to complete a single significant investigation, hold many memorable hearings, or pass a single piece of meaningful legislation that curtails Trump’s abuses of authority. Instead, they held their breath waiting for Robert Mueller to save them, and when he did not, they, like their Republican predecessors, took to issuing sternly worded statements, tepid pleas for civility, and concerned tweets as their primary methods of imposing accountability.

As the president’s declarations of immunity from oversight have grown more broad and lawless, the Democrats have slow-walked investigations, retreated from court battles, and unilaterally surrendered the sword of impeachment. They have only just begun to call witnesses from the Mueller inquiry, they have only just begun to challenge the president’s lawlessness in court, they have only just begun to hold Trump officials in contempt for their defiance of Congress’s constitutional prerogatives. This foot-dragging will leave them with little time to actually look into presidential abuses before campaign season begins, effectively forfeiting a massive political advantage, to say nothing of abdicating their constitutional duties. The leadership of the Democratic Party has shown more appetite for confronting and rebuking legislators representing the vulnerable communities Trump has targeted most often than it has for making the president mildly uncomfortable.

Although two prior presidents, Bill Clinton and Richard Nixon, faced articles of impeachment over obstruction of justice, Speaker Nancy Pelosi offered the gibberish analysis that the president was “self-impeaching,” so no actual impeachment was necessary. When confronted with yet another woman accusing the president of sexual assault, Pelosi said, “I haven’t paid much attention to it.” When the politically connected financier Jeffrey Epstein was indicted again on charges of sex-trafficking minors, and Pelosi was asked what she would do about now-ousted Labor Secretary Alex Acosta, who negotiated a previous sweetheart deal with Epstein, she said, “It’s up to the president. It’s his Cabinet,” a position indistinguishable from that of Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, who is a member of the president’s party.

“If you start endangering children, I become a lioness,” Pelosi declared, before caving on a funding bill for border security that will do nothing to relieve the systematic abuse of migrants at the border, and whose restrictions the Department of Homeland Security is already ignoring. Chuck Schumer, the Democratic minority leader in the Senate, took the occasion of federal prosecutors in New York mysteriously closing their investigation into the president’s hush-money payments to former girlfriends to ask the FBI to look into a popular app that ages pictures of people’s faces. The president’s racist attacks on Omar and her colleagues were precipitated by Democrats leaking a poll of “white, non-college voters” supposedly showing that they might cost the party the House and the presidency. Having publicly told the school bully where and how to take their lunch money, the Democrats were surprised when he showed up.

One could protest that the Democrats’ timidity is a cold, calculated strategy. Republicans hold the Senate, the argument goes, so an impeachment inquiry would only lead to the president’s acquittal. The whiter, more conservative voters who form much of Trump’s base are geographically distributed in a way that maximizes their political power. Democrats may need to win over some of these voters, who would be alienated by impeachment, to take the White House. If the Democrats cannot hold the House, they cannot hold back Trump. But Democrats now hold the House, and they are not holding Trump back. The president has abetted a foreign attack on American democracy, he has obstructed justice, he has vowed to turn federal law enforcement on his political enemies. There are squalid camps at the border where families are being separated, and children are being sexually assaulted, their existence justified as a necessary response to a foreign “invasion.” Trump has sought to rig American democracy in favor of white voters and refused to recognize the oversight authority of Congress, and now assails the cornerstone principle of multiracial democracy that none of us is more American than any other. What, exactly, would be enough to rouse Democrats to action?

In the face of such a challenge to the American idea, tactics become intertwined with morality. If the Democrats convince themselves that anything they do to attack the president risks alienating white voters who believe the country belongs only to them, then they will be partially responsible for the path the country is taking, and the standard it is upholding. The Democrats’ weakness has not appeased the president. Instead, it has only invited bolder challenges to democracy and the rule of law. This will not change. If congressional Democrats cannot or will not defend the principle that America belongs to all of its citizens, regardless of race, creed, color, or religion, their oaths to defend the Constitution are meaningless.

Omar must be defended, but not because of her views on Israel, gay rights, or progressive taxation. You needn’t agree with her on any of those things; in fact, you needn’t like her at all. But she must be defended, because the nature of the president’s attack on her is a threat to all Americans—black or white, Jew or Gentile—whose citizenship, whose belonging, might similarly be questioned. This is not about Omar anymore, or the other women of color who have been told by this president to “go back” to their supposed countries of origin. It is about defending the idea that America should be a country for all its people. If multiracial democracy cannot be defended in America, it will not be defended elsewhere. What Americans do now, in the face of this, will define us forever.

by Adam Serwer, Staff writer at The Atlantic

Ich las hier in verschiedenen Threads den Begriff "Integration". Die Beschimpfungen waren wieder mal unter aller Sau. Ich hatte auch den Eindruck, daß offenbar verschiedene Sichtweisen herrschen, was Integration ist. Bedeutet es, Migranten sollen ihre mitgebrachte Kultur und Religion aufgeben und "deutsch" werden? Wenn ja, was ist dann deutsch? Ich bin gespannt, ob hier zu dem Thema bei unterschiedlichen Meinungen dennoch eine sachliche Diskussion möglich ist.

A German language course in Goethe-Institut Lagos / Photo: Goethe-Institut Lagos


If you want to move to Germany to join a family member or spouse, a German family reunification visa will allow you to live and work in Germany. However, applicants have to meet certain requirements, one of which is passing a language test in their home countries. Five years ago, the European Court of Justice ruled that Germany could not demand language tests on a blanket basis if people want to move to the country to join their Turkish spouses. But too many spouse reunification visa applicants often still fail due to the language test (Sprachnachweis), say critics.

In 2018, more than 58,000 people came to Germany via the so-called spouse reunification (Ehegattennachzug) visa. Many of them had to pass a German test before being allowed to move to Germany. Since 2007, persons from mostly non-EU states who want to join their spouses in Germany have to demonstrate a basic proficiency of the German language.

In 2014 and 2015, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) issued two judgments imposing restrictions on such language tests:

  • · In 2014, the ECJ ruled that exemptions had to be granted to spouses of Turkish nationals. To demand language tests across the board violates the so-called standstill clause of the Association Agreement, which the EU (then EEC) concluded with Turkey in 1970. As a result, EU Member States are not allowed to introduce regulations that prevent Turkish workers from settling in the EU.
  • · In 2015, a second judgment followed which applies to all immigrating spouses. The ECJ ruled that EU Member States may require language proficiency prior to entry, but this should not make family reunification “excessively” difficult for the immigrating spouses.

What is the legal situation today?

The German federal government introduced a so-called hardship clause (Härtefallklausel) to the language requirement in 2015. It allows persons in exceptional cases to join their spouses even without taking a language test. A case of hardship could apply under the law if “due to special circumstances” a person could not learn German before entering Germany. What is meant by “special circumstances”, however, is not explained in detail in the law.

The Federal Administrative Court had created a similar exemption in 2012 for spouses of German nationals. According to the court, no language test is necessary if the immigrating person was not able to reach the A1 level German language level for a year despite making efforts. A1certifies that candidates have acquired very basic language skills on the six-level scale of competence laid down in the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR).

Many fail the language test

How many people make use of the hardship regulation, according to the federal government, is not known. One thing is certain: Many who want to move to their spouses in Germany fail the language test. In 2018, they were 16,198 persons – about one third of all test participants (48,130).

In practice, hardship clause has so far had little effect, critics say. And language requirements continue to be a major hurdle for spouse reunification.

“Hardship regulation often does not work in practice. We have handled cases in which spouses have tried unsuccessfully to pass the German test dozens of times. Many of them would have had to fall under the hardship clause because they had learning deficits or limited access to language courses. But only a few knew about the regulation. For example, we had the case of a 67-year-old Iranian who wanted to move to his wife and children in Germany – but always narrowly failed the language test. Only thanks to the efforts of his children that he was able to successfully apply for an exception under the hardship regulation,” says Swenja Gerhard, a lawyer at the Association of Binational Families and Partnerships, iaf e.V.

“The Goethe-Institut has been offering courses for people who want to move to their spouses in Germany since 2007. We are dealing with a very diverse clientele, many of them are young and able to learn, but there are also people who only attended school for one to two years and therefore have considerable learning difficulties, especially for middle-aged people, they come to us and ask, “Why do I have to learn German? I just want to spend the last part of my life with my spouse in Germany,” said Nuray Acun, Representative for Language Courses and Examinations at the Goethe-Institut in Izmir (Turkey).

“And even if people want to learn German, they aren’t often good language courses, for example, in eastern Turkey. Nevertheless, the hardship clause rarely comes into play because the consulate usually insists that the applicants pass the language test.”

This is why critics are calling on the federal government to ensure that the language requirement for family reunification is interpreted in such a way to prevent applicants from being subjected to undue hardship and couples forced to live apart.

By Femi Awoniyi


Germany's political parties CDU, CSU, SPD, AfD, FDP, Left party, Greens - what you need to know. Here's a look at Germany's political parties, who they are and what they want.

Christian Democratic Union (CDU) / Christian Social Union (CSU)

Color: Black

Chairpeople: Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (CDU), Markus Söder (CSU)

Parliamentary leader: Ralph Brinkhaus (CDU) 

Membership: 554,000

Voters: People over the age of 60, churchgoers, living in rural areas — especially in southern Germany — still represent the hard core of CDU and CSU voters. The CDU has also traditionally done well among small business owners and people with lower or medium education levels.

2019 European election result: 28.9%

2017 Bundestag election result: 33% (246/709 seats)

History: The CDU was founded in West Germany in 1950 in the aftermath of World War II as a gathering pool for all of Germany's Christian conservative voters. It became the most dominant political force in the postwar era, unifying Germany and leading the government for 47 of those 67 years, alongside its Bavaria sister-party, the Christian Social Union (CSU).

CDU Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, who governed from 1949 to 1963, is the closest the Federal Republic has to a founding father. It was Adenauer and his economy minister (and successor as chancellor), Ludwig Erhard, who presided over West Germany's "economic miracle." The party's reputation as Germany's rock of moral and economic stability continued under another long-term CDU chancellor, Helmut Kohl, who drove German reunification in 1990 — a key historic moment important in understanding today's politics.

Platform: Angela Merkel represents both a continuation and a break from the CDU's traditional values. German voters trust her to steward the economy safely. She also maintains certain conservative social values, such as opposition to same-sex marriage (though she voted against it herself, she ushered in gay marriage at the end of the last legislative period by sanctioning a conscience vote in the Bundestag). However, her relatively liberal stance on immigration has turned much of the CDU base against her.

Merkel announced in October 2018 she would not put herself up for renewed terms as CDU chairwoman or as chancellor. Annegret Kamp-Karrenbauer, known by many as AKK, took over the reins after a tight inner-party vote. She staked out positions further to the right of Merkel's, particularly on immigration.

The CDU/CSU experienced a historic loss in the 2019 European election, as some voters apparently punished the bloc for its failure to prioritize climate and environmental policy, while others drifted to the right-wing nationalist AfD.

Preferred coalition partners:  FDP, SPD, Greens

Social Democratic Party (SPD)

Color: Red

Chairpeople (interim):  Malu Dreyer, Thorsten Schäfer-Gümbel, Manuela Schwesig

Parliamentary leader (interim): Rolf Mützenich

2019 European election result: 15.8%

2017 Bundestag election result: 20.5% (153/709 seats)

Membership: 438,000

Voters: The SPD has traditionally been the party of the working classes and the trade unions. The SPD's most fertile ground in Germany remains in the densely populated industrial regions of western Germany, particularly the Ruhr region in North Rhine-Westphalia, as well as the states of Hesse and Lower Saxony.  

History: The SPD was founded in 1875, making it Germany's oldest political party. In the tumultuous first decades of the 20th century, the party acted as an umbrella organization for a number of leftist movements, trade unionists, and communists. But with the founding of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) in 1919, the SPD became the permanent home of the social justice reformers, rather than the revolutionaries - though that didn't stop its politicians from being sent to concentration camps during the Third Reich.

The SPD's first chancellor, Willy Brandt, governed West Germany from 1969 to 1974. He earned an international reputation for reconciliation with Eastern Europe during his time as foreign minister in a CDU-led coalition government. He was succeeded by Helmut Schmidt, an SPD icon until his death in 2015. Both remain hugely respected figures in German politics. Altogether, the party has been part of the German government for 34 of the 67 years of the Federal Republic and led governing coalitions for 21 of those. Though its reach has eroded significantly in the past few years, it was still behind some of Merkel's most significant social reform policies during her third government, which has just ended.

Platform: The SPD's best suit has always been social policy. It stands for a strong social infrastructure, despite a problematic recent legacy on unemployment benefits. In 2015, the SPD was instrumental in introducing a national minimum wage in Germany — currently €8.84 ($9.40) an hour.

Nevertheless, the Agenda 2010 labor market reforms introduced by SPD Chancellor Gerhard Schröder in the early 2000s lost the party some traditional support, and it's no accident that Martin Schulz's candidacy in the 2017 general election was marked by a "correction" of the policy, and a new emphasis on social justice and tax redistribution — though that failed to help him. The September 2017 election saw the worst result for the SPD in the party's history.

Even so, the SPD agreed to continue as junior partner in government with the CDU/CSU bloc, though it led to painful concessions that alienated traditional voters. As both chairperson and parliamentary leader, Andrea Nahles, the first woman to lead the party, struggled to turn around the SPD's bad luck at the polls and win back voter confidence. She ultimately failed and resigned after the party's disastrous showing in European elections in May 2019 — its worst-ever result in a national election in the postwar era, leaving it in third place behind the Greens.

Preferred coalition partners: Greens, CDU — the Left, but only at state level

Read more: SPD's simmering identity crisis erupts

The Green Party (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen)

Color: Green

Chairpeople: Annalena Baerbock, Robert Habeck

Parliamentary leaders: Katrin Göring-Eckardt, Anton Hofreiter

2019 European election result: 20.5% 

2017 Bundestag election result: 8.9% (67/709 seats)

Membership: 75,000

Voters: The Greens rely heavily on the well-educated, urban demographic for their voter base — party strongholds tend to be major cities in western Germany, especially where universities are located. Green voters have become more affluent over the years, and the Greens struggle to attract voters from lower income classes. The waxing and waning of support for the Greens tends to mirror the popularity of the larger parties, the CDU and SPD. On that score, the Greens saw a massive uptick in support in the 2019 European election, especially from young voters driven by concerns about climate change not assuaged by other parties.

History: The Green party is probably the most successful counter-culture movement in Germany's postwar political history. The party, whose official name translates as Alliance '90/The Greens, grew out of an assortment of social protest movements of the 1980s that eventually unified.

Their supporters marched for everything from ending nuclear power to gay rights — while maintaining the key plank of environmental protection. Their success lies in the fact that all of these causes have been incorporated into mainstream politics since the alliance was officially founded in 1993 (the Green party itself was founded in 1980).

The party became truly prominent in German politics between 1998 and 2005, its time as junior coalition partner to Gerhard Schröder's SPD, and supplied his government with Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer.

Platform: Political pundits tend to divide the Greens between the "Realos" and the "Fundis" —- the "realists," who are willing to compromise party aims to have a say in government, and the more left-wing "fundamentalists," who are closer to the party's counter-culture roots.

The Realos have slowly taken control of the party, to the extent that it is now leading a coalition with the conservative CDU in the southwestern state of Baden-Württemberg. While environmentalism remains a core cause (agriculture reform was a key Green achievement in the early 2000s), it has also pushed a leftist agenda on tax and social policy. 

Preferred coalition partner: SPD

Read more: The surprising success of Germany's Green party

The Left party (Die Linke)

Color: Red (TV coverage often uses magenta to distinguish it from the SPD)

Chairpeople: Katja Kipping, Bernd Riexinger

Parliamentary leaders: Sahra Wagenknecht, Dietmar Bartsch

2019 European election result: 5.5%

2017 Bundestag election result: 9.2% (69/709 seats)

Membership: 62,200

Voters: The Left party's stronghold remains the "new German states" in the former East, where its voters tend to be former communists who supported the German Democratic Republic (GDR), and protest voters who want to express their disenchantment with traditional parties. However, many of these have switched to the populist nationalism of the AfD in the past couple years.

History: Though it was only founded in 2007, the Left party has a much longer history, and is still considered a direct descendant of the Socialist Unity Party (SED) that ruled the East German GDR until reunification with the West in 1990.

The Left party was formed out of a merger of the SED successor, the Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS), and Labor and Social Justice - The Electoral Alternative (WASG), a western German movement of trade unionists and disgruntled SPD members alienated by the welfare cuts introduced by Gerhard Schröder. The most prominent of these defectors was Schröder's first finance minister and SPD chairman, Oskar Lafontaine, who later led the Left party and is still a prominent figure guiding the party from his Saarland base.

Partly because of its association with the East German dictatorship, the Left remains a pariah for the other mainstream parties, and has never been part of a federal government coalition — though it has some government experience at state level.

Platform: The Left is the only major German party that rejects military missions abroad. It also wants NATO to be dissolved and the minimum wage to be raised from the current rate of €8.84 to €12 ($14). Some political scientists still see the Left as a radical party that ultimately seeks to overturn the capitalist economic order, but the party itself actually only advocates stronger market regulation, stronger rental caps, and more social investment.

Preferred coalition partners: SPD, Greens

Read more: A German border town's Left government and AfD voters

Alternative for Germany (AfD)

Color: Light blue

Chairpeople: Jörg Meuthen, Alexander Gauland

Parliamentary leaders: Alexander Gauland, Alice Weidel

Membership: 33,600

Voters: The AfD has poached voters from all the other major parties except the Greens, and has simultaneously succeeded in mobilizing many non-voters. The AfD scores best among middle income earners — though that is by no means its exclusive voter base, and draws voters from across social classes. It is especially successful in Germany's East. Its membership, meanwhile, has one significant feature — only 17% are women.

2019 European election result: 11%

2017 Bundestag election result: 12.6% (92/709 seats)

History: The right-wing nationalist Alternative for Germany (AfD) has surged to prominence in the six years of its existence. Founded just five months before the 2013 election as a euroskeptic party, the AfD very nearly entered the Bundestag. Since then, Germans have elected the AfD to every state parliament in regional elections as well as the European parliament.

The AfD was originally created by a group of neo-liberal academics as a protest against the single European currency. They were angered specifically by Merkel's decision to bail out Greece in 2010 following Europe's financial crisis. But a power struggle in 2015 ended with the ouster of party leader Bernd Lucke, who was replaced by Frauke Petry.

Petry, along with other prominent figures, set a much more overtly nationalist, anti-immigrant, anti-Islam agenda, a policy that scored some success during the refugee crisis of 2015. Eventually Petry also left the party, seemingly in protest at the far-right extremist turn the party took in the run-up to the 2017 election.

Since then, parliamentary leaders Alexander Gauland and Alice Weidel have become the face of the AfD, particularly with their diligent attendance at parliamentary sessions — the AfD is currently the largest opposition party in the Bundestag.

In 2016, the AfD was the only major German party to welcome the election of US President Donald Trump and Britain's decision to leave the EU. 

Platform: The AfD wants to seal the EU's borders, institute rigorous identity checks along Germany's borders and set up holding camps abroad to prevent migrants from heading to Germany at all. The party wants to immediately deport anyone whose application for political asylum is rejected and to encourage foreigners to return to their home countries.

The party insists on the primacy of "traditional" German culture and rejects Islam as a part of German society. It also questions the notion that climate change is man-made and wants to reverse Germany's ongoing transition to renewable energy sources.

Preferred coalition partners: Ruled out by all other parties, but closest in policy to the CSU

Read more: Ten things you need to know about the AfD

Free Democratic Party (FDP)

Color: Yellow

Chairperson: Christian Lindner

Parliamentary leader: Christian Lindner

2019 European election result: 5.4%

2017 Bundestag election result: 10.7% (80/709 seats)

Membership: 64,000

Voters: As the party of neo-liberal free enterprise, it's no surprise that the FDP has found the most voters among the self-employed especially business owners and professionals like dentists and lawyers — and the fewest among workers.

History: The Free Democrats were a permanent fixture in the German parliament from the early days of the Federal Republic. However, the party suffered major election losses in 2013, failing to clear the 5% hurdle to enter the lower house. It has struggled for relevance ever since, but then experienced a resurgence under new leader Christian Lindner, and reentered parliament with some 80 Bundestag members.

Founded in December 1948, the FDP was kingmaker to both the CDU and the SPD in its time. Though it never led a German government, it participated in government for a total of 41 years, longer than any other party. Consequently, it provided the bigger parties with many cabinet ministers, some of whom, such as Helmut Kohl's long-term foreign minister, Hans-Dietrich Genscher, became major postwar historical figures.

Platform: The FDP's program is founded on the principles of individual freedom and civil rights. While it has always campaigned for more tax cuts, it opposes leaving the financial markets unbridled. It is also a pro-European party.

Preferred coalition partner: CDU

Read more: Germany's liberals, the FDP: What you need to know

Trauer um Astrid North: Die Sängerin ist im Alter von 46 Jahren einem Krebsleiden erlegen.

Astrid North ist am Dienstag (25.6.) im Alter von 46 Jahren verstorben. Die Berliner Sängerin wurde als Mitglied der Gruppe Cultured Pearls und als Solokünstlerin bekannt. North hinterlässt zwei Kinder.

Astrid North verliert Kampf gegen Krebs

Aus dem Umfeld der Musikerin heißt es, dass Astrid North einem Krebsleiden erlegen sei.

Erst im letzten Jahr wurde bei ihr Bauchspeicheldrüsenkrebs diagnostiziert. Laut "Spiegel"-Informationen verstarb die 46-Jährige im Kreise ihrer Familie.

Rückblick auf ihre Karriere

In den 90er Jahren tourte North mit der Band Cultured Pearls ("Tic Toc", "Sugar Sugar Honey") durch Deutschland und feierte einige Charterfolge. Der "Spiegel" nannte sie damals "eine Leading Lady der deutschen Soulszene".

Später arbeitete sie mit Musikern wie Kai Wingenfelder, 59, und Thorsten Wingenfelder, 53, von Fury In The Slaughterhouse sowie mit Pop-Star Sasha, 47, zusammen. 2016 veröffentlichte sie ihr zweites Solo-Album und war außerdem als Dozentin an der Hochschule für Musik und Theater in Hamburg tätig.

Verwendete Quellen:Tagesspiegel, Spiegel 

Pastor Gives Members Dettol and Jik Bleach

Afro News

Ugandans serve as guinea pigs for toxic chemical treatment peddled by a self proclaimed American pastor

“America and Europe have much stricter laws so you are not as free to treat people because it is so controlled by the FDA. That’s why I work in developing countries,” Robert Baldwin of the Global Healing Christian Mission said of his alleged healing outreach in Uganda where thousands of people including infants are being treated with toxic industrial bleach.

52-year-old Baldwin, an American based in New Jersey, poses as a pastor to effectively and extensively peddle this fraudulent treatment also known as “miracle mineral solution/supplement” or MMS as it is popularly called by about 50,000 Ugandans. MMS is, in fact, chlorine dioxide, a powerful chemical made by mixing sodium chlorite and citric acid, often used in the textile industry.

The Guardian reports that Baldwin, who imports bulk shipments of the chemical from China, has trained over a thousand Ugandan pastors on how to administer MMS to their congregation, an activity that often takes place after Sunday service. The 52-year-old gives smartphones to these committed pastors as incentives for helping him spread his ‘miracle cure’ which he claims heals different diseases including malaria, cancer and HIV/AIDS.

Baldwin said he set up a church so he could distribute MMS under the radar without drawing the attention of the government or drug companies. “When you draw attention to MMS you run the risk of getting in trouble with the government or drug companies. You have to do it low key. That’s why I set it up through the church,” he told Fiona O’Leary, a campaigner against fake medicine who posed as a journalist to interview him.

MMS has been banned in several countries around the world for use as a medical treatment. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a public warning asking people to stop consuming MMS. Consumers of MMS have turned up with really bad symptoms that can be life-threatening.

Baldwin runs his fraudulent ministry alongside a 25-year-old Briton named Sam Little. Little told the Guardian that he was using his savings to help fund the distribution of MMS in Uganda with a donation of $10,000. He has also invested $30,000 into building an orphanage for about 20 homeless Ugandan children.

Little claims MMS cured a family member of cancer and that made him travel to Africa to conduct more research. A video online shows the 25-year-old conducting a test in a village hospital in Uganda where he was on a mission to prove that malaria could be cured with chlorine dioxide within two hours. Little is also repeating the study on HIV/AIDS patients in Uganda as well.

Like Baldwin, he admitted that such field studies would not be allowed in the UK or US. However, he denied using poor Ugandans as guinea pigs. “It’s not using people as guinea pigs for trials. It’s helping them. We’ve cured loads of people not just for malaria, cancer, HIV, all sorts of things,” he said.

Both the Uganda Ministry of health and the Ugandan ministry of gender and social development, which only recently got wind of the nefarious activities conducted by Baldwin and Little, has begun an investigation into the MMS scandal as well as Little’s planned orphanage. “We are investigating these people’s activities. In the medical profession, you don’t do advertising when you heal people,” a spokesman for the ministry said with regards to Little’s video. An official also stated that they were unaware of any plans for an orphanage.

Source: Ventures Africa

The government of Ghana has reached a final agreement with Ethiopian Airlines that will see to the establishment of a new national airline in Accra, Ghana. The partnership is in line with Ghana’s increasing efforts to revamp its aviation sector, and Ethiopia’s continuous quest to expand its footprints across the continent’s aviation space.

Under the agreement, Ethiopian Airlines will send several Dash 8-400s aircraft to Accra later in 2019. However, Ghana will hold a majority stake of 51 percent in the new airline while Ethiopia will hold a minority stake of 49 percent.

The final agreement was reportedly signed on Wednesday, May 8, 2019, at the headquarters of Ethiopian Airlines in Addis Ababa by Minister Joseph Kofi Adda, Ghanaian Aviation Minister representing the government of Ghana and Tewolde Gebremariam, Ethiopian Airlines Group CEO. This sealed an initial Memorandum of Agreement (MoU) that was signed between the two entities in December 2018.

The collaboration, which seeks to explore the economic potentials in Ghana’s aviation sector comes nearly one decade after the state-run Ghana International Airlines ceased operations amid poor management and huge debt.

Emphasis is placed on the participation of African countries in the continent’s aviation market, where African airlines hold only about 20 percent market shares. This is mainly because countries like Ghana and Nigeria do not currently have an operational national carrier.

In recent times, however, Ghana has made significant changes at its airports which include a new terminal at Kumasi, and one at Accra’s Kotoka International Airport. There have also been some expansions and development at Take me, Wa and Ho airports.

The proposed state-owned airline in Accra is expected to operate domestic, regional, and international flights. Although, there is no disclosure yet about the name of the airline.

The deal with Ethiopia to relaunch a national airline indicates that the Ghanaian government is looking to position itself in the continent’s growing competitive aviation trend, where non-African airlines now control the highest passenger traffic.

For Ethiopia, the deal is yet another strategic move to expand its presence in the African aviation space, where it currently holds large market shares in state-owned airlines through acquisition. These include a 49 percent stake in Malawian Airlines, Malawi’s national carrier and 45 percent stake Zambia’snational airline.

Until 2004, the government of Ghana held a 60 percent stake in the then state-run airline, Ghana Airways, which subsequently relaunched as Ghana International Airways following mismanagement and huge debt amounting to $160 million. The Ghanaian government retained a 70 percent stake in the new airline, which finally ceased operating in 2010 due to poor management.

It appears that the Ghanaian government has learnt from past mistakes and is now ready for a new national carrier under a better structure. Consequently, after Ethiopia’s 49 percent controlling stake, the government of Ghana intends to retain only about 10 percent stake while the private sector will take the remaining 41 percent.

Source:Ventures Africa


For White People Who Compare Black Lives Matter to White Supremacy


On the last day of Passover a lone gunman opened fire on the congregation at Chabad of Poway’s Synagogue in San Diego, USA.

The attack left three wounded, and one dead. Lori Kaye was murdered after she took a bullet for the Rabbi.

San Diego is the latest in a series of crimes committed in the name of ‘white supremacy’. It occurred just six weeks after the mass shooting at a Mosque in New Zealand and seven months after the Pittsburgh synagogue shooting. And yet, there is still little talk of what white supremacy is; how it operates; and what it means for our communities.

Furthermore, white supremacy has gone transnational.

The San Diego mosque shooter, like many other white supremacy terrorists, was radicalised through online networks.

And yet, the media and politicians have been reticent to identify white supremacy as a threat. Whilst Muslims are openly viewed as a target group of radicalisation, white people are not. The gunmen are viewed as lone rangers and bad apples. But, this is problematic. We should be taking white supremacists seriously. We should be targeting them with the same level of scrutiny that has been used to deal with Islamic radicalisation. To not treat them seriously puts our communities at risk. This would mean identifying the links between what has been painted as fairly disparate attacks since 2011 – including Charlottesville, Charleston and the Murder of British MP Jo Cox, (the Guardian has created a time-line of these events).

There is a clear pattern, white supremacists see the Other (Jews, Muslims, black people) as an existential threat to the white race. Yet, little solidarity is promoted in the mainstream between these communities. In a time where identifying as Jewish can be so negatively scrutinised because of Israel’s politics, the Left (and by extension anti-racist solidarity networks) do have a hard time seeing anti-semitism.

It is not just disappointing that there is little understanding of anti-semitism, but as we can now see this is also dangerous. To keep our communities safe we need to take the threat that white supremacist fanatics pose seriously. And we need to create stronger networks of solidarity by resisting mainstream media that does a good job of polarising the communities affected by racism.

Source: SOAS

Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)

Afro News

Uganda will be selling marijuana to North America and Europe later this year in deals worth $160 million. This comes after the government reached agreements to export the product for medicinal purposes.

Presently, there are orders for the psychoactive drug from at least 20,000 pharmacies in Canada and Germany, a Director at Industrial Hemp (U) Ltd in Uganda, which is in partnership with Israeli firm Together Pharma Ltd, Benjamin Cadet said.

“We signed annual supply contracts with pharmacies in Canada to a tune of $100m and €58m for Germany… the current contracts run for 10 years but along the way, we shall expand to satisfy future demand,” Cadet revealed.

This is not the first time Uganda will be exporting cannabis products. Another external market for Kampala’s raw cannabis flower is South Africa, where the National Analytical Forensic Services made an order worth $10,000 in 2017, according to the Daily Monitor.

A controversial drug with health benefits

Although it is often abused, Marijuana has great potential for healthcare and is used to relieve pain that comes with several illnesses like cancer.

Cadet explained that “People are using morphine, the main component of opium as an analgesic for cancer pain. Opium is an Opioid and more addictive and with side effects yet Cannabinol (CBD) from medical marijuana is the best option for such patients.”  

Despite having scientists and technology to explore the many benefits of medical marijuana, there are no regulations in place to allow cannabis drugs manufactured for domestic consumption in Uganda. Thus, cancer patients in the country are forced to use CBD illegally.

The subject of using medical marijuana has been a quite controversial one in the East African nation, with supporting and opposing parties airing their respective views. Recently, a five-member sub-committee from the Cabinet met to discuss the dangers and benefits of the drug.

More so, there have been applications for licenses to Ugandan Ministry of Health from 14 companies, to get approval for cultivating, extracting and exporting of the cannabis plant for medical purposes.

Proponents of its use hinge their argument on the fact that its chemicals are used to treat a number of different health conditions – appetite loss, cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, eating disorders, among others. While Uganda’s First Lady Janet Museveni has openly denounced its use, referring to the drug as “satanic.”

Source: Ventures Africa

Rwanda Genocide – The Israeli Connection | Veterans Today | Military Foreign Affairs Policy Journal for Clandestine Services


Western propaganda about the Rwandan Genocide has been so triumphant that a Rwandan Hutu on trial in the West faces inevitable jury bias.

“Teganya’s trial became a de facto trial for genocide crime.”

Last week a jury in Boston Federal Court convicted Rwandan asylum seeker Jean Leonard Teganya of fraud and perjury for lying on his immigration papers about his involvement in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. In other words, yet another racist, chauvinist, Western court convicted yet another African of participating in mass violence that the US and its Western allies engineeredin order to expand their imperial influence in East and Central Africa at the expense of France. Plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose. 

In July 1994, Teganya crossed from Rwanda into Congo with millions of other Rwandans, mostly Hutus, who were fleeing the advancing Tutsi army led by General Paul Kagame. Teganya later used a false Zimbabwean passport to enter Canada, where he reunited with his Rwandan girlfriend, married, started a family, and applied for political asylum. Canada repeatedly denied him asylum on the grounds that he had committed crimes during the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, which he in turn denied. Fearing for his life if deported to Rwanda, he went into hiding in Canada, then illegally crossed the Canadian border into the State of Maine to apply for US political asylum in 2014. His trial became a de facto trial for genocide crime because the prosecution had to prove that he was guilty of that to prove that he had lied on his asylum application.

“There is no hard evidence of what happened inside Butare Hospital.”

In 1994, Teganya was a third-year medical student at the National University of Rwanda in Butare. He testified that when the understaffed hospital was overwhelmed by wounded patients, he volunteered cleaning wounds and administering intravenous fluids in the emergency room. Former teachers and fellow students from both Rwanda and the Rwandan diaspora came to confirm his story and testify to his character, while prosecution witnesses from Rwanda accused him of rape and murder. 

The jurors’ verdict was based wholly on their conclusions about the credibility of witnesses. There is no hard evidence of what happened inside Butare Hospital after General Paul Kagame and his army assassinated the Hutu presidents of both Rwanda and Burundi, then launched their final military offensive to seize power in Rwanda’s capital, Kigali. One former medical student and witness for the defense testified that in the ensuing chaos, violence, and social collapse, he and his friends at the university in Butare protected themselves by staying close to one another and concentrating on how they might eat from one day to the next. He said that trucks and jeeps full of soldiers or civilian militias would drive by from time to time, but that he and his friends could never be sure who they were or where they were going.

US broke its promise not to penalize refugees for illegal entry 

The United States and Canada are both signatories to the 1967  Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees , by which they promised not to impose penalties for illegal entry on refugees coming directly from a territory where their life or freedom was threatened. The Protocol expanded the rights guaranteed by the 1951  Convention and Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees to refugees fleeing because of events that occurred after 1951:

Article 31

“1. The Contracting States shall not impose penalties, on account of their illegal entry or presence, on refugees who, coming directly from a territory where their life or freedom was threatened in the sense of Article 1, enter or are present in their territory without authorization, provided they present themselves without delay to the authorities, and show good cause for their illegal entry or presence.

“2. The Contracting States shall not apply to the movements of such refugees restrictions other than those which are necessary and such restrictions shall only be applied until their status in the country is regularized or they obtain admission into another country. The Contracting States shall allow such refugees a reasonable period and all the necessary facilities to obtain admission into another country.”

Nevertheless, the prosecution built much of its case on the fact that Teganya had entered Canada on a false document and then crossed into the United States illegally. They even asked the defendant on the witness stand why he walked into Congo, which was then Zaire, without a visa, even though he was fleeing Kagame’s army with millions of other refugees. This was all meant to evidence that Teganya was not an honest man, that he had already lied and broken the law to enter Canada and the US, and that it was therefore reasonable to believe that he had lied to gain refugee status.

One jury member told the Boston Globe that he voted to convict primarily because the defendant had used a fake African passport to enter Canada and because he said on the stand that he would do anything not to go back to Rwanda with its current government. 

A priori assumption that only Hutus committed genocide

None of the premises about what actually happened in Rwanda in 1994 were questioned during the trial. As at the International Criminal Tribunal on Rwanda, the court’s a priori assumptions were that Hutu extremists massacred Tutsis from April to July in 1994—which did happen. However, they also assumed that only Hutus had committed crimes, and therefore only Hutus should be prosecuted. 

Sticking to the particulars of what happened at Butare Hospital in the course of a week, the defense did not introduce the body of evidence that the Tutsi army also committed genocide against Hutu people. 

This is not to say that Teganye’s federal public defender erred by sticking to the particulars of the case. Murder is against the law regardless of its political context, so the defense had little choice but to argue the particulars as evidenced by witness testimony. However, Western propaganda about the Rwandan Genocide has been so triumphant that a Rwandan Hutu on trial in the West faces inevitable jury bias. In “Enduring Lies, Rwanda in the Propaganda System 20 Years Later ,” Edward S. Herman and David Peterson wrote that: 

“According to the widely accepted history of the 1994 ‘Rwandan genocide,’ there existed a plan or conspiracy among members of Rwanda’s Hutu majority to exterminate the country’s minority Tutsi population. This plan, the story goes, was hatched some time prior to the April 6, 1994 assassination of Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana, who died when his Falcon 50 jet was shot-down as it approached the airport of the capital city of Kigali. The killers allegedly responsible for this crime were ‘Hutu Power’ extremists in positions of authority at the time. Although Habyarimana was Hutu, the story continues, he was also more moderate and accommodative toward the Tutsi than ‘Hutu Power’ extremists could tolerate; they were therefore forced to physically eliminate him in order to carry out their plan to exterminate the Tutsi. The mass killings of Tutsi and ‘moderate Hutu’ swiftly followed over the next 100 days, with perhaps 800,000 or as many as 1.1 million deaths. The ‘Rwandan genocide’ came to an end only when the armed forces of Paul Kagame’s Rwandan Patriotic Front drove the ‘génocidaires’ from power, and liberated the country.

 “We refer to the above-version of the events that transpired in Rwanda 1994 as the standard model of the Rwandan genocide. And we note, up front, that we believe that this model is a complex of interwoven lies which, when examined closely, unravels in toto. 

“This model is a complex of interwoven lies.”

“Nevertheless, its Truth has been entered into the establishment history books and promulgated within the field of genocide studies, in documentaries, in the official history at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, and even proclaimed from on-high by the UN Security Council in April 2014.

 “The institutionalization of the ‘Rwandan genocide’ has been the remarkable achievement of a propaganda system sustained by both public and private power, with the crucial assistance of a related cadre of intellectual enforcers. The favorite weapons of these enforcers are reciting the institutionalized untruths as gospel while portraying critics of the standard model as ‘genocide deniers,’ dark figures who lurk at the same moral level as child molesters, to be condemned and even outlawed. But we will show that this is not only crude name-calling, it also deflects attention away from those figures who bear the greatest responsibility for the bulk of the killings in Rwanda 1994, and for the even larger-scale killings in Zaire and the Democratic Republic of Congo thereafter.”

Ann Garrison is an independent journalist based in the San Francisco Bay Area. In 2014, she received the Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza Democracy and Peace Prize for her reporting on conflict in the African Great Lakes region. She can be reached at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Source:Black Agenda Report

Oranto Petroleum Limited, in partnership with South Sudan’s Ministry of Petroleum, is set to fund an educational program in the country. The program is geared at improving the educational sector and overall socio-economic development in the war-torn African nation.

The program involves the provision of quality training for 25 teachers and 60,000 children across 30 villages in the Eastern Lakes state and would last for a period of 5 years.

“For South Sudan to reach its true place in Africa, we have to invest in education and great students are the result of great teachers and it is, therefore, essential to empower and support teaching professionals throughout this country,” Minister of Petroleum of the Republic of South Sudan, Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth said.

The educational program organized by Oranto may be targeted at refugees returning to the country, in a bid to support and pave way for more economic advancement and considerable impact for individuals and local communities.

South Sudan has been faced with severe economic challenges including economic instability and poor infrastructure. The country’s educational system for children has deteriorated greatly as a result of conflict and other forms of emergencies, the United Nations International Children Education Fund (UNICEF) revealed.

Since the outbreak of the deadly civil war in 2013, it has experienced a massive migration of over two million citizens to neighbouring countries such as Ethiopia, Uganda and the Central African Republic (CAR). Recently, some of the refugees have returned after a peace deal was signed between President Salva Kiir Mayardit and his ex-deputy, Riek Machar.

“I am thankful to Oranto Petroleum and implore on other oil companies in the country to do the same”, the Minister added.

In line with Oranto’s policy of significantly engaging local human and material resources in all its activities in South Sudan while promoting the development of social infrastructure, the company also plans to fund the construction of two primary schools in two villages.

Oranto Petroleum Limited is one of Nigeria’s privately owned and managed oil companies. It is involved in oil production and exploration, with over 22 oil and gas license in 12 countries.


Source:Ventures Africa

A new discovery could explain why obese people are more likely to develop cancer, scientists say. A type of cell the body uses to destroy cancerous tissue gets clogged by fat and stops working, the team, from Trinity College Dublin, found.

Obesity is the biggest preventable cause of cancer in the UK after smoking, Cancer Research UK says.  And more than one in 20 cancer cases - about 22,800 cases each year in the UK - are caused by excess body weight.  Experts already suspected fat sent signals to the body that could both damage cells, leading to cancer, and increase the number of them.

Now, the Trinity scientists have been able to show, in Nature Immunology journal, how the body's cancer-fighting cells get clogged by fat. And they hope to be able to find drug treatments that could restore these "natural killer" cells' fighting abilities.

'Lose some weight'

Prof Lydia Lynch said: "A compound that can block the fat uptake by natural killer cells might help.  "We tried it in the lab and found it allowed them to kill again.

"But arguably a better way would be to lose some weight - because that is healthier for you anyway." Dr Leo Carlin, from the Cancer Research UK Beatson Institute, said: "Although we know that obesity increases the risk of 13 different types of cancer, we still don't fully understand the mechanisms underlying the link.

"This study reveals how fat molecules prevent immune cells from properly positioning their tumour-killing machinery, and provides new avenues to investigate treatments. "A lot of research focuses on how tumours grow in order to find metabolic targets to stop them, so this is a reminder that we should consider the metabolism of immune cells too."

Four years ago a publication was made Ghanaians living in Hamburg, Germany demanding answers from authorities about the rampant death of their countrymen. Years have passed but the toll of such deaths has neither ceased nor decreased. It is clear that death is inevitable but the frequency and circumstance is what is worrying.

It is upon this back drop that a discussion on that topic was held on the health show hosted by Effya on TopAfric radio and was covered by the NDR Das. This could be a huge step to drawing the attention of the right authorities to come to the aid of the Ghanaian community.

Within the public sphere the theory such as doctors intentionally killing their victims is purported to be one of the causes of such deaths.

During the radio discussion the following factors were enumerated to be possibly contributing to such premature death; Irresponsible self medication, unhealthy and sedentary life styles, physical inactivity, under utilisation of the health care system, religious and cultural beliefs and practices, ignorance and lack of information, double and quadruple jobs to cater for families and acquisitions of properties back home, genetics, environment etc. 

Recommendations to counteracting the problem will be to negate the above enumerated possible causes.

 As public Health scientists we see the issue as public health emergency which threatens the human security within the Ghanaian community in Hamburg. An anecdotal evidence of the issue at stake could be true but not enough deal with the problem.

To a achieve the desired result, a holistic approach is needed hence an urgent need for scientific research that encompasses needs assessments , data collection, analysis  and findings to draw and implement a comprehensive public health intervention which is participatory and culturally tailored to mitigate the problem.

The negative impacts of the continuous premature death of Ghanaians cannot be overemphasised. It affects the families and society at large as well as the economy here in Germany and Ghana. For this reason we would like to call on stakeholders to support the worthy course by funding such project. We are looking up to the Ghana Embassy, German Health ministry and other such interested institutions to heed to this call so as to ensure that such premature deaths would be a thing of the past through the implementation of public health interventions.
Ghanaians dying premature in Hamburg!!!

Aileen Ashe (Public Health scientist and language and culture mediator)
Ursula D’Almeida (pharmacist and  Public Health Scientist)

There is hardly anything that contributes to a better mood or offers more fun than one of the most beautiful pastimes in the world. But the importance of a healthy and regular sex life really is often underestimated.

Here are eight good reasons why you should not neglect your sex life. Because this is what happens to your body when you stop having sex:
Why a healthy sex life not only ensures a good mood

1. You get sick more often

If you don’t have sex for a long time, your immune system becomes significantly weaker. Germs then have an easier job of spreading in your body and you can catch a cold or get the flu more easily. So, just by having more sex, you can help keep your herbal remedy teas in the closet!

2. Your stress levels increase

Sex is a great way to reduce your stress levels. Regular sex reduces the amount of stress hormones and makes you feel more relaxed in everyday life. Without this important balance, you could become a ticking time bomb!

3. It’s harder for you to get aroused

It’s hard to believe, but true: If you don’t regularly “practice,” it’s difficult for a lot of people to become aroused. Men can experience problems having erections and it can be harder for women to have an orgasm. So, you have to stay on top of things to make sure the “switch” always remains on.

4. Your dreams change
Some people suddenly notice that they have strange dreams when their sex life is suffering. It can mean that you unexpectedly start dreaming about sex or have orgasms in your sleep.

5. Over time you lose your desire to have sex

If your body notices that you’re having a prolonged dry spell in the sexual sense, the production of sex hormones reduces. You feel less like having sex if you have been abstinent for a while. In addition, your libido will eventually feel different. And this is all due to the fact that your sex hormones are slowly vanishing.

6. You’ll feel more distance between your partner and yourself

When a couple in a relationship only rarely sleep together, their interpersonal distance becomes greater. You may start to have feelings of uncertainty related to your partner and other people will seem more attractive to you.

7. It lowers your feeling of self-worth

It is not surprising that a person’s self-worth is harmed, if that individual does not regularly feel desired. But a lack of sex has been proven to affect a person’s well-being, leading to sadness or depression when sex is absent from their lives. Studies have shown that having sex regularly helps fight depression. It can sometimes even work as well as antidepressants.

8. Your risk of cancer increases

For men, the risk of prostate cancer increases when they don’t have sex for a longer period of time. So it’s not a bad idea for men to “flush out” the pipes. Because then the risk is significantly reduced.

Well, if all this isn’t motivation enough, then I don’t know what is! For all these reasons, it would be almost irresponsible not to make love more regularly, don’t you think?!


This article was first published in 2014! 
The rate at which Ghanaians are dying prematurely in Hamburg -Germany is alarming and it is time authorities begin to ask questions and provide answers. Life expectancy has improved tremendously in Germany over the years.

In 2012 the life expectancy in Germany increased to about 81.00 years. That for women was at 83.30 years and for men 78.60 years. If statistics available to TopAfric is correct, the Ghana community buried over 30 people 2014, burried 46 people in 2016. As at Nov 2018, more than 30 Ghanaians have been burried. The average age was just around 45 years.                                                                   

The irony is that Ghanaians are dying more than all other Black -/Africans in Hamburg put together. Yes the wages of life is death, but when Ghanaians find themselves in a country with better health infrastructures then they should live longer.

Ghanaians in Hamburg are definitely doing something wrong because even in Ghana, where the rate of avoidable death (drinking and driving, bad roads, no road signs, poor medication, bribery at hospitals or unavailability of medical care) is high the folks are living longer.

Life expectancy in Ghana as at 2012 is about 61 years, so why this high rate of death in Germany.Why the community awaits the results from the authorities to guide the people as to what is wrong and what can be done better. The following unscientific assumptions are making the air waves.

There is this weird speculation that the “Alster River” dislikes this black clothing’s of Ghanaians, the people are therefore disregarding the gods of the river. “The gods are not to blame”.

Ghanaians in Hamburg love burials and funerals above everything; they are seen every week organizing funerals of relatives that have passed away far in Ghana. First the “One Week” and then the “Funerals”.

What you love most is what shall kill you!
There are times the cemetery worker asked if a prominent person or a star is dead. One jokingly said this is a confirmation of the high rate of unemployment amongst the Ghana community.

It would be in the interest of the community to discourage all imported funerals and mobilize the people only when one of the inhabitants dies in Hamburg. The traumatic lifestyle; high divorce rate,  inability to cope with the structured German routine, the bureaucracy, the bad eating habits –eating heavy “fufu” at mid nights, disregard for good health, could be a contributing factor...

Husbands and wives building separate mansions through their menial job, to impress family members back home. Unfortunately 90% do not even sleep in these homes before the lucky ones join the colleagues at “Hamburg -Friedhof Ohlsdorf (Kapelle 10) “the biggest cemetery in the World.

One insanity is changing trains and busses on weekends from funerals and parties to another, sadly incorrectly dressed during the winter season. It is time the Ghana Union and opinion leaders stamp their authority, coordinate all social activities, ban one week funerals and imported funerals.

Whilst we all undertake weekly sporting activities, we encourage the Ghana Embassy in Berlin and the Ghana Union in Hamburg to seek from the German authorities the causes of these premature deaths and make public the findings, -names anonymous.

With all things being equal Ghanaians in Germany can live to be 81 years.

God Bless Ghana! 
God Bless Germany
Desmond John Beddy

Obesity is a growing problem within the African/Black community in Germany and Europe at Large.
With foods such as Fufu, Rice, Yam, Plantains as the staple unit, it makes it easy for Africans to gain weight so easily.

Akoto Degross was an obese individual who lived in Hamburg, Germany for a while where he was attending University and it was during this period that he decided to make a drastic change in his obese life by loosing half his body weight.

He had tried numerous times to loose weight but not until he lost his mother did he buckle up and strictly jump into loosing weight and living a healthier lifestyle.

In the video below, he discusses different reasons why Africans in the diaspora are over weight. He explained what they are doing wrong and how they can change and live better and healthier lives.

He also stated that the obesity epidemic is primarily rampant among the African Women in the diaspora.

He is an author and certified weight loss expert and runs a program called fat2fitghana ( which helps alot of people loose weight and live a healthier life style.

He has also written 2 books on how to loose weight.

1. 7 Simple steps to losing weight (
2. Change what you eat Change how you look 
..Click this link to read it (

Insects are high in protein and minerals, need far less feed per kilo of mass than cattle do and produce far less greenhouse gas per kilo than pigs. A United Nations food agency is pushing a new kind of diet for a hungry world. It ranks high in nutritional value and gets good grades for protecting the environment: edible insects.

The Rome-based Food and Agriculture Organization hailed the likes of grasshoppers, ants and other members of the insect world as an underutilised food for people, livestock and pets. A new report says two billion people worldwide already supplement their diets with insects. Insects are high in protein and minerals, need far less feed per kilo of mass than cattle do and produce far less greenhouse gas per kilo than pigs.

While most edible insects are gathered in forests, the UN says mechanisation can boost insect-farming production. Currently most insect farming serves niche markets such as China.


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A new discovery could explain why obese people are more likely to develop cancer, scientists say. A type of cell the body uses to destroy cancerous tissue gets clogged by fat and stops working, the team, from Trinity College Dublin, found.

Obesity is the biggest preventable cause of cancer in the UK after smoking, Cancer Research UK says.  And more than one in 20 cancer cases - about 22,800 cases each year in the UK - are caused by excess body weight.  Experts already suspected fat sent signals to the body that could both damage cells, leading to cancer, and increase the number of them.

Now, the Trinity scientists have been able to show, in Nature Immunology journal, how the body's cancer-fighting cells get clogged by fat. And they hope to be able to find drug treatments that could restore these "natural killer" cells' fighting abilities.

'Lose some weight'

Prof Lydia Lynch said: "A compound that can block the fat uptake by natural killer cells might help.  "We tried it in the lab and found it allowed them to kill again.

"But arguably a better way would be to lose some weight - because that is healthier for you anyway." Dr Leo Carlin, from the Cancer Research UK Beatson Institute, said: "Although we know that obesity increases the risk of 13 different types of cancer, we still don't fully understand the mechanisms underlying the link.

"This study reveals how fat molecules prevent immune cells from properly positioning their tumour-killing machinery, and provides new avenues to investigate treatments. "A lot of research focuses on how tumours grow in order to find metabolic targets to stop them, so this is a reminder that we should consider the metabolism of immune cells too."

A small ten year old Kenyan-German girl in Duisburg is dancing her way to become a European Dance Champion. At her age, Tracy Gathoni has mastered the art of hip hop street dance and is collecting trophies to prove it.
Tracy made her debut in competitive dance in 2012 at the United Dance Organization (UDO) championships in Glasgow-Scotland, and she has never looked back.
After that competition, Tracy’s mother saw her potential and enrolled her in dance classes in Duisburg with renowned trainer, Martina Böhm from TopDance. A course Tracy now attends once a week.
Daughter to a Kenyan lady, Diana Rose Wambui, Tracy has two brothers: 5-year-old Myles and 3-year-old Tyler. The boys have also taken a keen interest in dancing. In fact, Myles recently shared a stage with his sister at the UDO 2016 championships in Gladbeck, coming in at first place. “I had thought that the boys would be more interested in soccer and other sports, but apparently, they are taking after their sister”, Diana Rose says.
The dotting mother of three says that each child has an individual inborn talent that can be nurtured through encouragement and she is determined to support her daughter through it all.
Diana Rose works hard to ensure her daughter gets what she needs for the competitions. She says she would do whatever possible to ensure that her daughter attains her fullest potential in this sport she loves.
Her love for dance and diligence in practice has seen the 10 year-old-girl amass trophies from her spectacular performance. Most of the dances are solo, but she also in a duo with her 11-year-old best friend Aliyah Werner. Some of which are made carved into history on their Facebook page Tracy und Aliyah
Although she loves dancing she confesses to getting nervous before getting on stage. “Sometimes I have no routine at the start of the dance, but once the music begins playing, I gain my ground and dance away”, she explains. She is probably the youngest self-taught upcoming super dance star.
Her prowess on the dance floor has seen her gather about 30 trophies all won in the 1st position. In 2014 and 2015, she performed a solo at the world championships held in Scotland. She has also graced Das SuperTalent a renowned German talent show on RTL. Recently, a video of her performance at the European United Dance Organization-Germany went viral on YouTube.
Through her dancing Tracy has become a household name in NRW and specifically in Duisburg where she lives. The city Mayor (Bürgemeister) knows her personally and invites her to perform at various events.
And before you think dancing is all she does, Tracy recently joined Gymnasium from primary school. Gymnasium only takes the top cream and usually prepares children for an academic profession. The cheeky girl with a beautiful smile on her face says she has a timetable clearly making time for her books and dancing.
Unlike kids her age who would be excited about the fame and limelight, Tracy says she doesn’t flaunt it when she’s in school and rarely tells them what she does over the weekend. She reasons that dancing is her hobby and she would like it separate that from school.
Unlike her schoolmates who might not have an idea who she is in her other life, her brothers have not been spared from seeing her shine and they both believe she’s a star. “They believe Tracy is a star in dancing and no one can convince them otherwise”, Diana Rose beams.
One would have thought that Diana Rose would be applauded for her dedication to make her daughter a dance star, but she has received some backlash with some people accusing her of only focusing on Tracy while she has three children. But to her defence Diana Rose says that the boys are on the track of choosing what activities they love but as soon as they set their sights on something, she’ll be there supporting them. In the meantime, they enjoy emulating their sister, learning new moves and dance styles.
Diana Rose regrets that most Kenyan parents in Germany are so engrossed in work and the daily hustle and do not have time for their children.
“It is important to know what capabilities your child is displaying and support them to achieve their goals” she advices.
Surprisingly, Tracy is not convinced she will end up as a professional dancer, since her last trip to the Museum of Archaeology has convinced her that she would make a great archaeologist.